The Nile – the lifeline of Ancient Egypt

The Nile is the longest river on earth. Over 6,600 kilometres long, it flows from its source in East Africa to its delta in the Mediterranean. The Nile has determined the lives of those living on its banks for thousands of years. It has numerous tributaries that enrich its life-giving waters with valuable minerals and volcanic silt. The Nile’s silt is the foundation of cultivation on the banks along the river. The annually recurring flooding forms the basis of farming in the Nile valley. The people learnt very early to use the river to good purpose. The Nile divides the year of Egypt into three seasons: the phase of flooding, that of ebbing waters and harvest time. The Nile transforms the river valley into a blossoming paradise in the midst of North East Africa’s life-threatening deserts.   

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