The Pharaohs

The work “Pharaoh” is derived from the Egyptian pr- ’o meaning ‘great house’ and referred initially to the palace. It was only in 2000 BC that an actual person was equated with the king. However, as early as 4000 BC rulers appeared in Ancient Egypt. The first to appear did not have names but name signs such as elephant, bull and scorpion, other names became legible such as that of the King Narmer. In the Early Period of the 1st and 2nd Dynasty the actual name would be prefixed with the title “Horus” similar to the use of “Caesar” in Roman times. In this phase the pharaoh was still god – that is to say, the highest ruler in the land and a divinity as a person.


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